NCTE Norms


Norms and Standards for Secondary Teacher Education Programme



Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.) Degree

1. Preamble

1.0 Preamble
Teacher preparation course for secondary education, generally known as B.Ed., is a professional course that prepares teachers for upper primary/middle level (classes VI-VIII), secondary (classes IX-X) and senior secondary (classes XI-XII) levels.

2. Duration & Working Days
2.1 Duration

B.Ed. programme shall be of a duration of at least one academic year.

2.2 Working Days

(a) There shall be at least 180 working days exclusive of period of examination and admission etc., out of which at least 40 days shall be for practice teaching in about ten schools at upper primary/ secondary/senior secondary level.
(b) A working day shall be of a minimum of 6 hours in a six-day week, during which physical presence in the institution of teachers and student-teachers is necessary to ensure their availability for individual advice, guidance, dialogues and consultation as and when needed.

3. Intake, Eligibility and Admission Procedure
3.1 Intake

There shall be a basic unit of 100 students divided into two sections of 50 each for general sessions and not more than 25 students per teacher for a school subject for methods courses and other practical activities of the programme to facilitate participatory teaching and learning.

3.2 Eligibility


Candidates with at least 45% marks either in the Bachelor’s Degree and/or in the Master’s degree or any other qualification equivalent thereto, are eligible for admission to the programme.


The reservation for SC/ST/OBC and other categories shall be as per the rules of the Central Government / State Government, whichever is applicable. There shall be relaxation of 5% marks in favour of SC/ST/OBC and other categories of candidates.

3.3 Admission Procedure

Admission shall be made on merit on the basis of marks obtained in the qualifying examination and/or in the entrance examination or any other selection process as per the policy of the State Government/U.T. Administration and the University.

4. Staff
4.1 Academic

4.1 a (i) Number (For a basic unit of 100 students)

Principal/Head – 1
Lecturers – 7

4.1 a. (ii)

For additional intake will be in the multiple of 100 and the number of full time teacher educators shall be increased by seven for each increase in the basic unit. However on each occasion additional intake of one basic unit shall be considered.

4.1.a. (iii)

Appointment of teachers shall be such as to ensure the availability of expertise for teaching all foundation and methodology courses i.e. Arts, Science and Commerce stream.

4.1.b. Qualifications

(i) Principal/Head (in multi-faculty institution) :-
(a) Academic and professional qualification will be as prescribed for the post of lecturer; and
(b) Five years experience of teaching in a Secondary Level Teacher Training Institution.
Note:- In the event of non-availability of eligible and suitable candidates for appointment as Principal/Head as per above eligibility criteria, it would be permissible to appoint retired Professor/Head in Education on contract basis for a period not exceeding one year at a time till such time the candidates complete 65 years of age.

(ii) Lecturer :

Master’ s Degree with M.Ed
Master’s Degree with B.Ed (having 55% marks)

(i) Ph.D./M.Phil (preferably Ph.D. in Education/ Educational Planning and Management) shall be given special weight age.
(ii) Candidates having B.Ed degree of two years duration shall be given special weightage.

4.2 Technical Support Staff

(a) Number

In the event of inadequate work it would be permissible to appoint part time teachers against these posts.

Full time Teachers

(i) Art Education
(ii) Health and Physical Education
(iii) Work Experience
(iv) ICT
(v) Librarian
(vi) Technical Assistant

(b) Qualifications

As prescribed by State Government/UT Administration concerned.

4.3. Administrative staff

(a) Number

(i) Office-cum-Account Assistant – 1 (Regular)
(ii) Office Assistant-cum Typist – 1 (Regular)
(iii) Store-Keeper – 1 (Regular)
(iv) Attendants/Helpers/Support staff – 2 (Regular)

(b) Qualifications

As prescribed by State Government/UT Administration concerned.

4.4 Terms and conditions of service

(a) The appointment shall be made on the basis of recommendations of the Selection Committee constituted as per the policy of the UGC/Affiliating University.
(b) All appointments are to be made on full-time and regular basis excepting those specified as part-time.
(c) Appointment of part-time instructors and other supporting staff shall be made as per norms of the concerned University/UGC.
(d) The academic staff of the institutions (including part-time staff) shall be paid such salary in such scale of pay as may be prescribed by the UGC/University from time to time, through account payee cheque or as per advice into the bank account of employee specially opened for the purpose. The supporting staff shall be paid as per the UGC/State Government/Central Government pay scale structure.
(e) The management of the institution shall discharge the statutory duties relating to pension, gratuity, provident fund, etc. for its employees.
(f) The age of superannuation of staff shall be determined by the policy of concerned Government.
(g) The reservation for SC/ST/OBC and other categories shall be as per the rules of the Central Government / State Government.

5. Facilities
5.1 Infrastructure


The institution must have at least 2500 sq. mts. land whereupon built-up area consisting of classrooms etc. shall not be less than 1500 sq. mts. Space in each instructional room shall be 10 sq.ft. per student.

Built up Area for running other courses in combination with B.Ed programme shall be as under:

Only B.Ed. – 1500 Sq mts.
B.Ed. plus M.Ed. – 2000 Sq.mts.
B.Ed. plus D.Ed. – 2500 Sq.mts.
B.Ed. plus D.Ed. and M.Ed. – 3000 Sq.mts.


There shall be provision for not less than two classrooms, one multipurpose hall, three laboratories for conducting instructional activities for approved intake of 100 students, seminar/tutorial rooms, resource room for the education of children with disability, separate rooms for the Principal, for the faculty members, for the office and the administrative staff and a store. In every instructional room like classrooms, laboratories, library etc. space shall not be less than 10 sq.ft. per student. One classroom shall comfortably accommodate 50 student teachers. The Multi-purpose Hall shall have a seating capacity for 150 persons. For additional intake proportional increase in the number of classrooms, tutorial rooms, etc.


There shall be games facilities with a playground. Alternatively, the playground available with the attached school/college may be utilized and where there is scarcity of space as in the metropolitan towns/hilly regions, facilities for yoga, small court and indoor games may be provided.


Safeguard against fire hazard be provided in all parts of the building.


The institution campus, buildings, furniture etc. should be barrier free.


Hostel for boys and girls separately and some residential quarters are desirable.

5.2. Instructional

(a) The institution shall have easy access to sufficient number of recognized secondary schools within reasonable distance for field work and practice teaching related activities of the student teachers. A list of such schools shall be prepared. It is desirable that the institution has an attached school under its control.

(b) There shall be a library-cum-reading room with seating capacity for at least 25% students equipped with minimum 1000 titles and 3000 books including text and reference books relevant to the course of study, educational encyclopedias, year books, electronic publications (CD Roms) and minimum five journals of teacher education and subscription to five others in related disciplines. The library holdings shall be augmented with addition of 200 titles annually. The library shall have photocopying facility and computer with internet facility for the use of faculty and student- teachers.

(c) There shall be a science laboratory. The laboratory shall have multiple sets of science apparatus required to perform and demonstrate the experiments prescribed in the syllabus for secondary/senior secondary classes. Chemicals, etc. should be provided in the required quantity.

(d) There shall be a Psychology Laboratory with apparatus for simple experiments related to educational psychology.

(e) There shall be hardware and software facilities for language learning.
(f) There shall be Educational Technology facilities with hardware and software including computers, TV, Camera.

(g) The ICT equipment like ROT(Received Only Terminal), SIT (Satellite Interlinking Terminal) etc. shall be desirable.

(h) There shall be a fully furnished work experience room.

5.3 Amenities


Functional and appropriate furniture in required number for instructional and other purposes.


The institution shall provide separate common rooms for male and female teacher educators/students-teachers.


Sufficient number of toilets, separate for male and female, shall be made available for staff and students.


Arrangement may be made for parking of vehicles.


Safe drinking water be provided in the institution.


Effective arrangement be made for regular cleaning of campus, water and toilet facilities, repair and replacement of furniture and other equipments.

6. Curriculum Transaction

(A) Practical work to be performed by each student

Item Essential (Numbers)
a) Lesson planning and teaching in real school situation 40(forty)

b) Observation of lessons taught by fellow students 20(twenty)

c) Observation of Demonstration lessons 2

d) Construction of Test items/ Unit test and examination question 1
paper in each method subject as per pattern prescribed by the
State/Board of Secondary Education

e) Tutorial Essay 3
f) Preparation of teaching aid 2

(B) Supervision of Practice lesson

Out of prescribed practice teaching lessons atleast 50 percent lessons would be supervised fully by the teacher educators and feedback given to the students orally as well as comments in writing. Record of lesson planning, teaching and supervision would be maintained.

7. General

If more than one courses in teacher education are run by the same institution in the same or adjacent building, the facilities of playground, multipurpose hall, library and laboratory (with proportionate addition of books and equipments) and instructional space can be shared.


Norms and Standards for Master of Education Programme

leading to

Master of Education (M.Ed.) Degree